A distinctively mountainous region at the intesection of the Europe and Asia, between Christianity and Islam, the Republic of Armenia does not only have a cultural heritage of world-wide importance. The Caucasus, to which Armenia belongs, is one of 34 global biodiversity hotspots whose wealth of species and habitats is of world-wide importance. Armenia is distinguished by its exemplary variety of ecosystems due to big differences in topography and climate within the country. You can find semi-desert, dry and alpine steppes, forest, sub-alpine and alpine and nival (over 3,000m) ecosystems there. A consequence of the variety of habitats is that an impressive 3,600 species of vascular plants, 4,700 species of fungi, and 17,000 invertebrate and 540 vertebrate species of animals find their home here; amongst these there are numerous partially threatened species, for example the Caucasian leopard, the wild cat, the Pallas’ cat, the Eastern Imperial eagle or the marbled polecat. A further large number of the animal and plant species of Armenia, for example the Armenian mouflon, are also relict or endemic species, and as such it is particularly important to protect them. In addition, Armenia is located in one of the five geographical centres of origin for agricultural crops world-wide. Even today a particularly high number of species of wild relatives of our crop varieties, in particular grains, nuts, apricots and apples can be found.